Blood clots due to obesity men at risk already as a Teenager
Obesity in the late teenage age increases in men the risk of developing a blood clot (Thrombus) in the leg or in the lung. This risk increases gradually and men are highest in adolescence is hard-to-obese were.
In the current investigation of the University of Gothenburg has found that men with a history of obesity in their late teenage years are exposed in adulthood to a higher risk of a blood clot (Thrombus). The results of the study were published in the English journal “Journal of Internal Medicine” (JIM).
Impact of obesity as a Teenager
Overweight and obesity in General should be at any age avoided to prevent the development of many diseases. Of course, this applies for both women and for men. But specifically, men increase their risk of developing a blood clot (Thrombus) in the leg or in the lungs, when they suffer in their late Teens suffering from obesity. This risk increases with increasing obesity and those at highest in adolescence severely obese were.
How common is venous thromboembolism?
A Thrombus in a leg or in the lung is referred to as venous thromboembolism. This is one of the most common cardiovascular diseases. The risk increases with advancing age, more and more. A total of five to ten percent of the population are affected at some point in their life from the disease. The disease is potentially fatal, but its severity varies.
How were the data evaluated?
The current study is based on data from 1.639.838 men, which have been reported in the years 1969 to 2005 in Sweden, for military service. Their average age at conscription to military service amounted to a little over 18 years. Patients and causes of death registers of these participants were analyzed for the study.
Connection between BMI and thrombus risk
During the follow-up period was with a mean duration of 28 years with a little more than one percent (n=18.665) of the study participants, a blood clot in the leg or in the lung found. There is a clear connection between the Body Mass Index (BMI) showed at the time of recruitment and subsequent thrombus risk, report the researchers.
What was the impact of moderate obesity or Overweight?
A gradual increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism was also observed in the group in the middle and upper part of the normal BMI range (20 to 25), compared with the lower part of the normal range (18.5 to 20). Thereafter, the risk increased in the group with obesity and severe obesity, among the more than 36,000 of the study participants, even more.
Severe obesity quintupled almost the risk for blood clots
In the group of men with obesity (BMI 30 to 35) was the relative risk 2,93 – more than twice as high as in the reference group of the study. In individuals with severe obesity, the corresponding relative risk was even as high as 4,95, which meant an almost five-fold risk of blood clots in leg or lung during the follow-up period.
Limitations of earlier studies
So far, the connection between venous thromboembolism and obesity has been investigated mainly in population groups in which the BMI, relatively late in life, was measured. Until then, the Participants have developed but may be associated with obesity-related diseases such as certain forms of cancer, which also affect your thrombus risk.
Risk of obesity underestimated
Consequently, the risk that the risk of obesity is underestimated is. Because obesity and severe obesity in children and young people are unfortunately becoming more common, it is increasingly important to investigate the associated long-term risks, reports the researchers.
Results likely to meet women
Although the current study only applies to men, are the found patterns and associations in the opinion of the research group in women is probably similar. The researchers have already carried out earlier studies on obesity and other diseases such as heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure, and cardiomyopathy. In these studies, similar patterns were observed for both men and women. (as)